Morocco is located at the furthest northern-western Africa. It is bordering with Algeria by the east and Mauritania by the south. It has two major coastal sides: The Atlantic Ocean by the west and the Mediterranean Sea by the north. Morocco enjoys a strategic location that enables it be easily accessible to Europe and likewise a gateway of Europe and the world into Africa.
Morocco’s history traces back to the ancient times of Romans and Greek. a number of civilizations emerged at different periods of time, and this outcomes a diverse Morocco as you will discover during your trip with us. Briefly, Morocco’s history starts with the Amazigh (Berber) dynasties which ruled North Africa before the birth of Jesus. The Romans used to settle a few years before the Arabs came and introduced Islam to the inhabitants to the Berber tribes. Later, the Islamic empires came and established the imperial cities of Fes,Meknes Rabat and Marrakech. The kingdom of Morocco gained the independence from France in 1956.
Cultures and languages:
Morocco witnesses intensive transformations at the cultural level. Historical changes led to diverse and rich cultural formations all over the regions. In the north, it is likely that the northerners speak Berber and Spanish due to the Spanish influence, at the center, people speak Moroccan Arabic ( dialectical variety) along with French , especially in cities of Fes, Rabat and Casablanca. By the south in Agadir and the desert area, Berber is a major language with less proficiency in foreign languages. However, it is to be noted that internal migration and intercultural marriage makes it complicated to give accurate data and number about Berbers or Arabs in Morocco. Cultures likewise Languages, are different and diverse: Berber varied cultures, Arab eastern cultures, Black African cultures , Andalusian cultures and minorities living in Morocco.
Mountains and Plains:
Morocco has a diverse geographical appearances. The Mountains occupy more than two thirds of the Moroccan territory and reach significant heights. There are the Atlas Mountains and the riff hills .Several peaks reach 4000 m. as the Jbel Toubkal, the highest peak of the country, culminating at 4167 m. Morocco has four main mountain ranges, and is the only country in Northern Africa that has gigantic Atlas mountains. The plains are often very large areas, stretching from the Rif Mountains to the Middle Atlas, and consists of rivers, some hills and fertile plains useful for agriculture.
In the south, the desert occupies almost all the regions. Mainy composed of dry plains and spots of oasis. Erg Chebbi, in Merzouga,near the Algerian border, is the largest sand dunes and sand inside Morocco. Some sand dunes can reach 200 meters high. Erg chegaga also is a symbol of the Sahara, located in Mhamid desert.
The Moroccan climate is both Mediterranean and Atlantic, hot and dry ; cold and wet and humidity is likely to be high on the coastal sides, it varies also with altitude. The summers are usually hot and dry, especially when the hot sirocco or Chergui blows by the south east and the Sahara. Winters are cold and rainy with frost and snow. The average temperature then evolves – 2 ° C to 14 ° C and can drop to – 26 ° C In mountainous areas.